In Russia young people who want to study medicine, apply to medical schools or medical departments of universities. After successful entrance examinations young people become students. Curricula of medical schools include a six-year course in medicine or a five-year course in dentistry and pharmacy.
The medical course is divided into the pre-clinical course, the clinical course, sub-internship and internship.
The pre-clinical course lasts two years. Each academic year is divided into two terms. During their pre-clinical course students attend lectures, seminars and tutorials on the basic medical sciences such as anatomy, histology, physiology and biochemistry. They also have practical classes in these subjects. In addition, their curriculum includes, for instance, biology, chemistry, physics and languages.
The clinical course takes three years. The students are trained in clinical subjects such as medicine, surgery, pathology, obstetrics and gynaecology, psychiatry, neurology, paediatrics, etc. In addition they also attend courses in diagnostics, therapy and prophylactics. They assist doctors on the wards, in the operating theatre, and in out-patient departments.
The 6-th year of medical studies the so called sub-internship is spent at a hospital. The students gain more experience of the main clinical subjects – internal diseases, surgery and obstetrics and gynaecology. Before graduates begin to work as doctors, they spend a year (the 7-th year of studies) as interns at a large hospital.
All Russian medical Institutions start their academic year in September. There are two semesters in Russian academic year: from September till January and from February until June. The examinations are usually held in January and in June. Russian medical degrees are recognized by WHO.