Spirits in Ireland
The most popular spirits in Ireland are Guinness and Whiskey. Ireland has its own whiskey. The Irish learned to make whiskey from monks. They came to Ireland from the continent of Europe in the fifth and sixth centuries. They knew a lot about the way to make spirits. Irish whiskey is made differently from Scotch whisky. It is also usually spelled differently - Scotch whisky has no "e". Irish whiskey tastes lighter and smoother than Scotch whisky. Just now more people in the world drink Scotch whiskey. But some people like Scotch whisky and some like Irish whiskey. In the American Civil War someone said to President Lincoln that General Grant was drinking too much Irish whiskey. Lincoln knew that Grant was a good general, and he knew that Irish whiskey was a good drink. So Lincoln's answer was: "Find out the make of General Grant's whiskey. Then give it to the other generals".
Another popular spirit is Guinness. It's a kind of beer. Guinness is made from barley, hops, yeast and water. Everything in it is quite natural; there are no chemicals. The Irish have made or "brewed" it in Dublin since 1759. The Guinness brewery in Dublin is bigger than any other brewery in Europe. Today there are also Guinness breweries in Britain, Nigeria, Malaysia. People drink more than seven million glasses of Guinness every day around the world.
Irish coffee is another interesting drink. This is how to make it. First you put very hot coffee in a glass, with some sugar. Then you add whiskey. Then very carefully you add some cream, which stays on top of the whiskey and coffee. It is a very good way to drink whiskey!
Shopping: a Must and a Pleasure
Shopping can be both a "must" and a pleasure. Those who hate shopping place their orders by telephone and it saves them a lot of time. Some make a hobby of shopping tours, whether they buy any things or are just window-gazing. Besides, most housewives would like to see what they are getting for their money and do their shopping out themselves.
You couldn't think of shopping in terms of pleasure, you always think of it in terms of necessity. In case you're not a gourmand, you certainly feel happier just merely window-shopping at an expensive jeweller's than actually buying a joint of beef from your butcher's.
My friend Alice and me, we both do our shopping together, generally on Saturday morning. Last Saturday I went to the butcher's for a small joint of beef and then to the greengrocer's for some apples, a dozen oranges, beans, potatoes.
Then we went together to the baker's and paid for the bread that we had had, two brown loaves and two white loaves– and then went home feeling rather tired.
I am also a regular customer at one of the big London stores. I went there today and enjoyed myself very much wandering from one department to another, looking at various articles on the counters.
I thought the assistants were very helpful. There must have been hundreds of salesmen and saleswomen and dozens of different departments including china, haberdashery, confectionery, hardware and even provisions.
We all wear clothes, and that is another necessity. We all do our shopping for clothes in that same big department store. Last month we bought a nice summer frock for myself. The assistant showed me a green frock which I liked very much. What a darling it was!
It said I'd wear it then and there, so there was no trouble changing again.
People usually go to the shop two or three times a week to buy food. Less frequently people go shopping to buy clothes, usually it is women and teenagers.
And everywhere you go, you'll find adverts. There are many varieties of adverts: on TV, on radio, in magazines, on streets and so on.
You can see your favorite sportsman or actor advertising cars, drinks, sports shops. Superstars make big money from advertising. For example, some football and basketball players make millions of dollars from advertising sport clothes or drinks.
What are the functions of advertisements? The first function is to inform. A big part of the information people have about houses, cars, building materials, electronic equipment, cosmetics, drinks and food comes from the advertisements they read. Advertisements introduce them to new products or remind them of the existing ones.
The second function is to sell. The products are shown from the best point of view and the potential buyer, on having entered the store, unconsciously chooses the advertised products. One buys this washing powder or this chewing gum because the colorful TV commercials convince him of the best qualities of the product. Even cigarettes or alcohol are associated with the good values of human life such as joy, freedom, love and happiness, and just those associations make a person choose the advertised products.
All those small ads in the press such as "employment", "education" and "for sale and wanted" columns, help ordinary people to find a better job or a better employee, to sell or to buy their second-hand things and to find services, or to learn about educational facilities, social events such as concerts, theatre plays, football matches, and to announce births, marriages and deaths.
I would like to tell you about shopping in the United Kingdom. Marks & Spencer is Britain's favourite store. Tourists love it too. It attracts a great variety of customers from house wives to millionaires. Princess Diana, Dustin Hoffman and the British Prime-minister are just a few of its famous customers. Last year it made a profit of 529 million pounds, which is more than 10 million a week.
It all started 105 years ago when a young Polish immigrant Michael Marks had a stall in Leeds market. He didn't have many things to sell: some cotton, a little wool, lots of buttons and a few shoe laces. Above his stall he put the now famous notice: "Don't ask how much - it's a penny." Ten years later he met Tom Spencer and together they started Penny stalls in many towns in the North of England. Today there are 564 brances of Marks & Spencer all over the world: in America, Canada, Spain, France, Belguim and Hungary.
The store bases its business on 3 principles: good price, good quality and good service. Also, it changes with the times; once it was all jumpers and knickers. Now it sells food, furniture and flowers as well. Top fashion designers advice on styles of clothes. Perhaps, the most important key to its success is its happy well-trained staff. Conditions of work are excellent. There are company doctors, dentists, hairdressers, etc. And all the staff can have lunch for less than 40 pence.
Suprisingly tastes about food and clothes are international. What sells well in Paris, sells just as well in Newcastle and Moscow. Their best selling clothes are: for women - jumpers and knickers (M & S is famous for its knickers); for men - shirts, socks, pyjamas, dressing gowns and suits; for children - underwear and socks. Best sellers in food include: fresh chickens, vegetables and sandwiches, "Chicken Kiev" is internationally the most popular convience food.
Shopping in Britain is also famous for its Freshfood. Freshfood is a chain off ood stores and very successful supermarkets which has grown tremendously in the twenty years since it was founded, and now it has branches in the High Streets of all the towns of any size in Britain. In the beginning the stores sold only food stuffs, but in recent years they have diversified enormously and now sell clothes, books, records, electrical and domestic equipment. The success of the chain has been due to an enterprising managment and to attractive layout and display in the stores. It has been discovered that impulse buying accounts for almost 35 percent of the total turn over of the stores. The stores are organized completly for self-service and customers are encouraged to wander around the spaciously laid out stands. Special free gifts and reduced prices are used to tempt customers into the stores and they can't stand the temptation.
See the world. Traveling abroad.
A huge number of people all over the world spend their time travelling.
There are a lot of reasons why people travel. Some of them go abroad because of business trip, others because they want to see new countries and continents, to learn a lot about peoples traditions or to enjoy picturesque places and the ruins of ancient cities. It's always interesting to discover new things, different ways of life, to meet different people, to try different food and to listen to foreign music.
City-dwellers usually like a quite holidays be the sea or in the mountains with nothing to do but walk and bathe and laze in the sun.
Now, more and more people have an opportunity to travel abroad. New impressions, thrilling adventures have always delighted both - children and grown-ups.
There are a lot of means of traveling: by sea, by plane, by car or on foot. Tastes differ. That's why it's up to you to decide which means of travelling you would prefer.
Most people who spend a holidays travelling take a camera with them and take a pictures of anything that interests them - sights of a city, views of a mountains, lakes, waterfalls, men and women, the ruins of an ancient buildings and even birds and animals.
Later, looking through their albums they will remember the happy time they had.
As it was said before, nowadays people travel not only for pleasure, but also on business. You have to go to other countries to take part in different negotiations, to sign contracts, to participate in different exhibitions and so on.
I think that travelling is the best way to learn geography and the best way to get knowledge about our planet, to meet interesting people and to learn others countries.
Today there are a lot of different restaurants and cafes where you can eat delicious and expensive food. In restaurants people can also meet and communicate with their friends, relatives or business partners.
There are many types of restaurants. They are divided into groups for price class, for service type (fast food, smorgasbord, a la carte), for type of cuisine (Italian, Chinese, Japanese, Indian and others).
Fast food is very popular and saves time for busy working people and it is not expensive. For example, McDonald's restaurants sell what is called "fast" or "junk" food — hamburgers, chips and so on. Such food is very popular, especially with children and teenagers. Personally, I don’t go to fast food restaurants often because I think that fast food is tasty, cheap but it is not completely healthy. But sometimes I can relax, enjoy the food and celebrate some event with my friends there.
There are many traditional restaurants of a la carte menu. The service is usually excellent and friendly waiters help you to relax and enjoy your meal fully.
You can try any types of food in restaurants – you can try homemade cakes, beefsteaks, pasta and macaroni and others. For a main course you can order fish, meat or chicken with some rice or potatoes, also you can ask for pasta and salad. You can eat a bowl of ice-cream, a pieces of apple pie, strawberries with cream or something like that for dessert. For drink you can order a glass of water or juice, a cup of coffee or tea or alcohol drink such as wine or beer.
Many people often prefer restaurants of national cuisine such as Italian, Mexican and other. These restaurants offer types of food which are traditional for one or other country. For example, in the Italian restaurant you find many kinds of pasta, vegetables, cheese. In Mexican restaurant you are offered many meat dishes with different hot sauces. Personally, I dislike going to a Chinese restaurant but I prefer to order a portion of traditional rolls and a cup green tea in Japanese restaurant.
Everyone can find a café or restaurant for own taste. I think that restaurants are important part of public life.
Popular free time activities of teenagers
Britain has recent by been described as a "leisure society." This is because there are a great variety of leisure pursuits. Young people generally go out on Friday or Saturday nights to a disco, to a concert or to a pub. In recent years going out for a meal or getting a take-away meal have become popular too. During the past years there is a great increase in keeping fit and staying healthy. A lot of teens started running, jogging and going to different fitness clubs in their spare time. Aerobics classes and fitness clubs opened in every town, and the number of recreation centres greatly increased. Indoor pools, with their wave-making machines, water slides and tropical vegetation, have became very popular.
The same is true in Russia. A lot of teens go in for different kinds of sport. Sport helps them to feel as fit as a fiddle. In both countries there are special programmes for problem teenagers, such as a high-risk activities, for example they are taught to jump out of aeroplanes. But despite the increase in the number of teens participating in sport, the majority of young people still prefer to be spectators. They prefer to be couch potatoes. Watching sports on TV is a popular leisure activity, as is going to football matches on Saturday. Cinemas have been redesigned with four or more screens, each showing a different film at the same time, and a lot of teens like going to the cinemas too.
The young generation is fond of communication. There are many available methods of communication nowadays, and the most popular one is computers. A lot of teenagers spend plenty of time working on computers. The Internet seems really good fun. You may send e-mails to friends from different countries and get their answers instantly. You even may talk to them. It is easy and quick. A lot of teenagers have mobile telephones, so they can always be contacted, if they keep their telephone switched on, at any time of the day or night, or tend text messages.
A lot of teenagers in both countries are crazy about animals. They race them, train them and breed them. They like to hear stories about them on television programmes and they like reading books about them. Many teens have a pet animal. It could be a dog, a cat, a goldfish, a bird or a small furry animal like a hamster. Looking after and being kind to their pets is very important for teens. Why are teens so interested in animals? Perhaps it's because they are rather shy in their heart of hearts. One of my friends says: "I can say anything I like to my dog, but she never thinks I'm silly."
There are plenty of other kinds of activities, such as travelling, visiting historical places, babysitting, delivering newspapers, putting together jigsaw puzzles, reading, going to different museums, skateboarding, going fishing, hitchhiking, shopping, helping people in need, joining a computer club and others. We can say "So many teens; so many kinds of activities."
Now some words about me. I am fifteen and I am a computer addict. I am fond of communication with other teens. That's why I have a lot of friends in my and other countries. We send messages from one computer to another one using e-mail; we have on-line conversations. I am a member of the computing club and I spend much time there. Of course, it's rather expensive, but my parents understand me and give me enough money to pay for my computer club. And I think that my hobby will be useful in my future profession. Besides, I spend my free time in the sport club. I go in for kung fu. Recently films about kung fu have become very popular in Russia. This fighting itself is a great art, the result of many years of hard work and self-discipline. The man who made kung fu films famous was Bruce Lee. He used fists, elbows, feet (never weapons) and moved as fast as lightning. I am rather good at kung fu now, but I never use my skills to hurt anybody, unless it is absolutely necessary. Now people know what Kung Fu is, and I think it may become a sport of the future, because it develops up your personality, will and nobility.
Pets in Great Britain
Lots of families in Great Britain have got one or more pets. Dogs are the favourite pets and there are about 6 million of them in Great Britain. The second favourite are cats (about 5 millions) and the third favourite is a bird – budgie. Some families do not keep cats or dogs. They keep other animals as pets in their homes. There are more than 12 million pets in Britain. The English take good care of their pets. They give them nice names: Rover, Rex, Cindy, Misty (for dogs); Albert, Snowy, Fluffy, Tom (for cats); Polly, Chatterbox (for parrots); Guy, Scamper, Shipley, Shirley (for monkeys).When they speak of their pets, they say, "he" or "she", not "it". The English give their pets nice food to eat. They buy food for their pets in pet shops. The English are pet lovers.
English people like animals very much. Pets: dogs, cats, horses, ducks, canaries, chickens and other friends of men have a much better life in Britain, than anywhere else. In Britain they have special dog shops, selling food, clothes and other things for dogs. There are dog hair dressing saloons and dog cemeteries.The English arrange dogs' shows and organize dogs' supper parties for winners of dogs' competitions. They do all they can to make animals feel well in their home and outside their homes too. There were photographs in English newspapres of a mother duck and her young family, crossing slowly the road from Hyde Park to Kensington Garden. All traffic around was stopped to let Mamma Duck and her little ones walked quietly from one park to another.
In recent years the English began to show love for more exotic animals such as crocodiles, elephants, tigers, cobras, camels. You won't be surprised, we think, when we tell you that London Airport has a special "animal hotel". Every year thousands of animals arrive at London Airport, some stay the night there; others stay several weeks. In one month, for example, "the hotel" looked after 47000 creatures: birds, insects, fish, elephants, monkeys and other animals. There are about 4,000,000 dogs, 6,000,000 cats, 8,000,000 caged birds and lots of other animals in Britain. English people belive that they are the only nation on the Earth that is really kind to its animals.
My life in India
It is very strange but i have never think that one day I will go to India.
As I work in international call center, it was like exchange between countires for some time.
The first day was really difficult for me, because i was shocked: you will find the Indian roads very dirty with a lot of dust,besides, that there are many beggars outside, which will disturb you a lot. When the first day was over i began thinking about foreigners,which live in India for a long time. BUT it was my big mistake, because i found many beautiful and interesting places here to see and adore, besides of that always you will find fresh fruits and vegetables outside with the best price. For us,foreigners, it is really great to stay here,especially,for pure vegetarian people.
People of this country very kind and sweet, indian women are like a sunflower. Almost they are house vifes and they taking care of their families the best.. They are very hard working people. To understand this you have to live for a moment in their join family. Indian women will rise early in the morning, make breakfast for whole the family, after they will wash the cloth and clean the house. After when everybody will complete their breakfast they will clean the utensiles and will have rest for a moment. Very soon you will find them in the kitchen again in making lunch. So, in generally, indian women prepair the dish three times in a day. Besides that she will offer water and tea to everybody who will visit her house.
Indian men also do a lot of work, especially thay take the whole responsability of their families and relatives.
To stay in India in summer time is very difficult, because you will find the weather very hot, especially, for us foreigners who didn't get in used to stay outside when the temperature 45 above ziro. It is realy hard to imagine indian houses without air conditions, but still you will find many here.
When my trip became to the end I was regret that i didn't have a lot of time to see the whole country, but Ii hope next year I will back here again.